Diabetes involves the disruption in production or use of the insulin hormone. So how are they different? While both types share similar symptoms and health implications, they each have distinct characteristics.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas no longer produces insulin. Insulin is the hormone needed for glucose to enter cells and produce energy. Type 1 is very uncommon (only 5% of all cases) but results in more serious health complications.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder resulting in high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and reduced or diminished insulin production.
The more common type 2 effects up to 95 percent of all people diagnosed with the disease.
See Also: Food you can’t eat on a diabetic diet
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms
Increased Urination Often At Night
As your blood sugar increases your kidneys will try to remove the excess sugar which results in increased urination.
The increase in urination often leads to dehydration, which can cause a constant or increased thirst.
Loss Of Weight
Dehydration will contribute to a loss of body weight. In addition, as sugar calories in your blood are removed by the kidneys it can cause a calorie deficiency, making it difficult to maintain your current weight.
Although you may be eating normally, the calories you’ve consumed are not being fully utilized resulting in abnormal or increased hunger after a meal.
In addition to your blood, sugar will also build in the lens of your eye. As the sugar sucks water into your eye it can change the shape of your lens causing your vision to blur.
Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
– Slow healing sores and cuts
– Skin irritation or itching
– Increased yeast infections
– Unexplained or unwanted weight loss
– Tingling in extremities
– Decreased or blurry vision
Treatment & Cure
There isn’t a cure for either type of diabetes, but there are treatments to help control the symptoms and in some cases help people go into remission. Making lifestyle and dietary changes are among the first recommendations to manage your blood sugar.
If you’re significantly overweight, studies have shown weight loss surgery to be an effective alternative to return your blood sugar to normal levels.